First Case Of ‘ZIKA VIRUS’ Reported In Kerala: Symptoms And Prevention
Amid the Coronavirus crisis, the first case of the Zika Virus has been reported in Kerala. The first patient diagnosed with the virus is a 24-year-old pregnant woman. She was admitted to a private hospital in Thiruvananthapuram on June 28 after experiencing symptoms like fever, headache, and red rashes. The young woman is reported to be healthy and has successfully delivered her baby on July 7.
According to a press release issued by the state government, the woman does not have any travel history outside the state, though her house is located along the Tamil Nadu border. Thirteen other people from Kerala showed similar symptoms of the disease. Their samples have been collected from the Thiruvananthapuram district and sent for testing to the National Institute of Virology (NIV) in Pune. Kerala is on high alert as of now.
SYMPTOMS OF ZIKA VIRUS INFECTION
- Muscle Pain
- Joint Pain
The Zika virus infection is caused by the Zika virus (ZIKV), which is a mosquito-borne human flavivirus. It transmits through the infected Aedes mosquitoes, which bite during the day. Aedes mosquitoes are the same which transmits chikungunya, dengue, and yellow fever. The incubation period of Zika virus disease is estimated to be 3–14 days and the symptoms typically last for 2–7 days according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Many patients also remain asymptomatic and show no signs of the disease.
PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
The Zika virus is also reported to be transmitted from the mother to the fetus. These babies are born with congenital malformations called congenital Zika syndrome. There is no vaccine or treatment for Zika Virus as of now. Zika virus infection can be prevented by avoiding mosquito bites. According to the WHO, proper precautions must be taken especially for pregnant women, women of reproductive age, and young children. Immediate medical attention must be provided in case of severe symptoms.