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新生兒臍帶護理簡介

將初生帶回家的頭幾週內,您可能會注意到寶寶的肚臍位置會有輕微的殘端。這個小殘端其實是嬰兒臍帶的剩餘部分,正常情況下,通常會在分娩後兩個月內自行脫落。在過去幾年間,很多父母常常在更換尿片期間用酒精揉搓並清洗嬰兒的臍帶,但是專家們已經否決了這個做法; 因為專家發現只要使用溫和的暖水或普通肥皂或強生嬰兒產品替嬰兒進行清潔時,臍帶已經會自然脫落。 要妥善清洗寶寶的臍帶,不妨參考以下準則: 準備清洗臍帶所需用品 請預先將洗澡/更衣區域內的所有風扇和空調關閉,以防寶寶在清洗臍帶期間着涼。接下來,請準備一個小盆,海綿,面巾,棉籤(用於清洗臍帶),溫和的肥皂,溫水和帶帽的毛巾(初生嬰兒專用)。 勤洗手 父母/照顧者經常直接接觸寶寶,所以必須要勤洗手,以防止手中的細菌傳播到寶寶敏感的皮膚上。 輕輕洗澡 將海綿或面巾浸到溫水中,並溫柔地洗擦嬰兒的頭部,面部,手臂,腿部和背部。當需要清洗臍帶時,取一塊濕潤的毛巾並盡量覆蓋嬰兒的其他身體部位,先洗肚子,最後才清洗臍帶。首先將棉籤浸泡在肥皂水中,清潔臍帶底部,然後從底部移至周圍區域和尖端; 最後要吸乾水份,請使用乾淨的吸水布並抓住臍帶直至完全乾燥。 穿上帶有切口的尿片 輕輕拍走寶寶皮膚上的水珠後,將他/她帶到更衣室,並且確保尿片是乾爽的。將臍帶穿在帶有切口孔的尿布中,讓臍帶自行脫落。應盡量避免在臍帶上使用乳液或油脂,以防止不必要的細菌感染。記得每天恆常檢查寶寶的臍帶,用濕棉籤擦拭,之後用吸水布擦乾;在初生前兩周保持臍帶清潔可使其更快脫落。 腹部保濕 洗澡時,記得要輕輕地清潔嬰兒的腹部,特別是當嬰兒的臍帶還未脫落前,多用棉籤清潔肚臍。沐浴後,待皮膚完全乾爽時,即可在腹部上塗抹乳液。 對初生嬰兒的皮膚而言,頭兩個星期的額外照料對於臍帶完全脫落極為重要。由於嬰兒的皮膚很敏感,父母在洗澡時只需要使用溫和的肥皂和溫水。在檢查過程中,要待別警惕某些跡象,如寶寶感到特別煩躁、發燒、臍帶有惡臭的排出物,發紅,觸痛,周圍皮膚腫脹,持續出血,這可能是感染的跡象,這意味著您的寶寶需要立即讓醫生進行治療。  

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